AP Highlight in History: On Jan. 17, 1961, in his farewell address, President Dwight D. Eisenhower warned against "the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex."
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
On this date in:
French Protestants were recognized under the Edict of St. Germain.
Statesman and inventor Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston.
Thomas Jefferson's daughter, Martha, gave birth to James Madison Randolph, the first child born in the White House.
Hawaii's monarchy was overthrown.
Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th president of the United States, died in Fremont, Ohio, at age 70.
Gangster Al Capone was born in Brooklyn, N.Y.
Soviet and Polish forces liberated Warsaw during World War II.
Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews during the Holocaust, was taken into Soviet custody in Budapest, Hungary. (His fate has never been determined.)
The United Nations Security Council held its first meeting.
Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore was shot by a firing squad at Utah State Prison in the first U.S. execution in a decade.
A magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck Southern California, killing at least 61 people and causing $20 billion worth of damage.
A magnitude 7.2 earthquake devastated the city of Kobe, Japan; more than 6,000 people were killed.
A court in Ireland granted the first divorce in the Roman Catholic country's history.
President Bill Clinton became the first U.S. president to testify as a defendant in a criminal or civil suit when he answered questions from lawyers for Paula Jones, who had accused Clinton of sexual harassment.
Faced with an electricity crisis, California used rolling blackouts to cut off power to hundreds of thousands of people.