AP Highlight in History: On July 31, 1991, President George H.W. Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in Moscow.
AP Photo/Boris Yurchenko
On this date in:
The Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman, was made a major-general in the American Continental Army.
Andrew Johnson, the 17th president of the United States, died in Carter Station, Tenn., at age 66.
The New York Stock Exchange closed due to the outbreak of World War I. (Trading didn't resume until December.)
Germany's Weimar Constitution was adopted.
Democratic vice-presidential candidate Thomas Eagleton withdrew from the ticket with George McGovern following disclosures that Eagleton had once undergone psychiatric treatment.
The "Son of Sam" killer claimed his last victims when he shot and killed Stacy Moskowitz, 20, and seriously wounded her date as they sat in a parked car in Brooklyn, N.Y. (David Berkowitz was arrested less than two weeks later. He is serving six sentences of 25 years to life.)
A seven-week strike by major league baseball players ended.
Nolan Ryan became the 20th major league pitcher to win 300 games as his Texas Rangers beat the Milwaukee Brewers 11-3.
Walt Disney Co. agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC Inc. in a $19 billion deal.
The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved a 26,000-strong peacekeeping force for Sudan's Darfur region.
Scientists reported the Phoenix spacecraft had confirmed the presence of frozen water in Martian soil.
President Barack Obama and congressional leaders announced a historic agreement on emergency legislation to avert the nation's first-ever financial default.